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Seoul City Wall, Namsan Mountain

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  • Seoul City Wall, Namsan Mountain
Introduction to the Historic and Cultural Resources in the area near Seoul Station

Seoul City Wall

Seoul City Wall is the wall enclosing the capital city Hanyang in Joseon Dynasty. In a narrow sense, it refers to the castle and gates surrounding the capital city but it indicates the castle and the space within it in a broad sense. In Joseon Dynansty, it was called Hanseon in abbreviated form. As a heritage, it was called Seoul Fortress Wall when designated but the name was changed to Seoul City Wall in 2011. Seoul City Wall was built by King Tae-jo in 1396 and repaired several times in the periods of King Se-jong and Suk-jong.

Namsan Mountain Seoul City Wall Trail

Beside the Namsan Mountain stairs to the mountain top, there is a Seoul City Wall Fortress Wall Road (Seonggwak-gil) eclosing Namsan Mountain.

There are many Namsan Mountain trail courses. One of them is the course starting at the management office via the road to the library to the N Seoul Tower on the top of Namsan Mountain, going up around 700 stairs. It takes around 50 min. The other trail is the course starting from Huam-dong Namdaemun via Namsan Mountain service area and fountain road to the Octagonal Pavilion. There is also a mountain course starting from Dongguk University via three-way interaction service area, mineral spring at the archery field, Gamnocheon mineral spring, the Octagonal Pavilion to the N Seoul Tower. The Seoul Fortress Wall Road (Seonggwak-gil) enclosing Namsan Mountain was constructed in 1935 (4th ruling year of the King Tae-jo of Joseon Dynasty) according to the King’s order. The fortress consist of 41 sections or 24,600 cheok (the Korean foot) from the area near Dongsomun to the area near Namdaemun. The supervisors’ name, pen name and command were written on the construction corresponding to their responsibilities. For the construction of Namsan Mountain fortress, around 50,000 workers residing in Gyeongsan Provinces were mobilized for 49 days. In the period of King Se-jong, the fortresses from Kwangheemun, Namsan Mountain ridge, to Namsan Mountain Park were repaired and reinforced. In the period of King Young-jo, there were another repair constructions.

Walking the Ring Road of Namsan Mountain for a year means that you can have a chance to appreciate the four seasons of Seoul.