Promenade du paillon is a park created along the Paillon river in Nice, a representative seaside city of France. In 1993, some constructions including a small concert hall, an intercity bus terminal, etc. located on the covered road on the river were tore down and that place began to be used as a park. Promenade du paillon consists of 3 sectors of fountains, forest for walk and rest, and children’s playground with the road crossing the park.
High Line Park was born in 2009 as a park on the overpass of downtown railroad with 2.33km in length, which had been operated in Lower West Side of Manhattan, New York, by the citizens who planted flowers and trees on the elevated bridge. It took Promenade Plantee of France as its model. In order to keep its historical aspects and unique appearance, however, it left one third of the railroad as it was and created trails using it with gardens, various kinds of benches, water front spaces, etc. by sectors. Above all, the biggest change occurred after the creation of High Line Park was the new constructions including the buildings made by the famous architects such as Frank Gehry, Jean Nouvel, Shigeru Ban and the Whitney Museum of American Art designed by Renzo Piano. It is a good case showing that a well made park can promote the development of surrounding real estates, invigorate a commercial area and induce the influx of various cultural facilities.
The trail having a classical name of “Road of Opening Port” was created by reusing the railroad of Yokohama, Japan that has been operated for around 70 years from its opening in 1911 to 1985. As a trail only for the pedestrians, it was completed along the shoreline of approximately 3.2km. In 2002, parks were composed around the trail and a warehouse built in 1911 was converted to a shopping center and restaurants. Connecting main attractions and relics of the port area of Yokohama, It became an important tourist attraction of the city.